Sciatica describes the pain that radiates along the course of the sciatic nerve, which branches from your lower back through your hips and buttocks and down each leg. Usually, sciatica impacts only one side of your body.
Sciatica most typically takes place when a herniated disk, the bone spur on the spine or constricting of the spinal column (back stenosis) compresses part of the nerve. This causes inflammation, discomfort and typically some tingling in the afflicted leg.
Although the pain associated with sciatica can be extreme, a lot of cases resolve with non-operative treatments in a couple of weeks. People who have severe sciatica that's related to significant leg weakness or bowel or bladder modifications might be candidates for surgical treatment.
The discomfort that radiates from your lower (lumbar) spinal column to your butt and down the back of your leg is the trademark of sciatica. You might feel the pain almost anywhere along the nerve path, but it's especially likely to follow a course from your low back to your butt and the back of your thigh and calf.
The pain can vary commonly, from a moderate ache to a sharp, burning feeling or excruciating discomfort. Sometimes it can feel like a shock or electric shock. It can be even worse when you cough or sneeze, and extended sitting can intensify sciatica symptoms. Generally, only one side of your body is impacted.
Some individuals likewise have tingling, tingling or muscle weakness in the afflicted leg or foot. You may have discomfort in one part of your leg and feeling numb in another part.
Daily Check by Medical Professional
Moderate sciatica usually goes away in time. Call your medical professional if self-care steps fail to relieve your symptoms or if your discomfort lasts longer than a week, is extreme or becomes progressively worse. Get immediate medical care if:
- You have sudden, severe pain in your low back or leg and feeling numb or muscle weak point in your leg
- The discomfort follows a violent injury, such as a traffic accident
- You have a problem controlling your bowels or bladder
In Sciatica symptoms, the sciatic nerve becomes pinched, typically by a herniated disk in your spinal column or by an overgrowth of bone (bone spur) on your vertebrae. More rarely, the nerve can be compressed by a tumor or harmed by a disease such as diabetes.
Threat aspects for sciatica include:
Age-related modifications in the spinal column, such as herniated disks and bone stimulates, are the most common causes of sciatica.
By increasing the tension on your spine, excess body weight can add to the spine changes that activate sciatica.
A job that requires you to twist your back, carry heavy loads or drive a motor vehicle for extended periods might contribute to sciatica, however, there's no conclusive evidence of this link.
Individuals who sit for prolonged periods or have a sedentary way of life are most likely to establish sciatica than active people are.
This condition, which impacts the method your body uses blood glucose, increases your threat of nerve damage.
Although many people recover totally from sciatica, frequently without treatment, sciatica can possibly cause permanent nerve damage. Seek immediate medical attention if you have:
- Loss of feeling in the afflicted leg
- A weak point in the affected leg
- Loss of bowel or bladder function
It's not always possible to prevent sciatica, and the condition may recur. The following can play a key role in safeguarding your back:
To keep your back strong, pay special attention to your core muscles - the muscles in your abdomen and lower back that are necessary for correct posture and alignment. Ask your doctor to suggest particular activities.
Maintain Correct Posture When You Sit
Pick a seat with great lower back support, armrests and a swivel base. Think about putting a pillow or rolled towel in the small of your back to maintain its normal curve. Keep your knees and hips level.
Usage Great Body Mechanics
If you represent long periods, rest one foot on a stool or little box from time to time. When you lift something heavy, let your lower extremities do the work. Move directly and down. Keep your back straight and bend just at the knees. Hold the load near to your body. Prevent lifting and twisting all at once. Discover a lifting partner if the things are heavy or uncomfortable.